Steven Levitsky

  • Les dictateurs parviennent rarement au pouvoir par un coup de force. Leur marche vers le sommet de l'État s'effectue au contraire le plus souvent dans le cadre des institutions démocratiques elles-mêmes.
    Levitsky et Ziblatt montrent notamment que le dépérissement des démocraties ne commence pas avec la prise de pouvoir des dictateurs, mais bien avant quand des comportements antidémocratiques se répandent et semblent en devenir la nouvelle norme.
    En s'appuyant sur de nombreux exemples puisés dans l'histoire des dictatures du XXe siècle, ainsi que celle des mouvements autoritaires apparus plus récemment notamment en Europe, Pourquoi les démocraties meurent expose avec précision les étapes de ce processus  : mise en cause des institutions garantes des libertés publiques, dénigrement et arraisonnement de la presse, transformation de tout opposant politique en ennemi irréductible, voire en traître à la nation, préférence accordée à l'affrontement plutôt qu'à la négociation et au compromis.
    En analysant l'exemple de Donald Trump, Pourquoi les démocraties meurent montre que l'arrivée au pouvoir de ce président n'a été possible qu'après des années de dégradation de la pratique de la vie démocratique américaine.
       

  • NEW YORK TIMES BESTSELLER A brilliant book, wise and nuanced. -- Nicholas Kristof, New York Times Comprehensive, enlightening, and terrifyingly timely. -- New York Times Book Review Cool and persuasive... How Democracies Die comes at exactly the right moment. -- The Washington Post Donald Trumps presidency has raised a question that many of us never thought wed be asking: Is our democracy in danger? Harvard professors Steven Levitsky and Daniel Ziblatt have spent more than twenty years studying the breakdown of democracies in Europe and Latin America, and they believe the answer is yes. Democracy no longer ends with a bang--in a revolution or military coup--but with a whimper: the slow, steady weakening of critical institutions, such as the judiciary and the press, and the gradual erosion of long-standing political norms. The good news is that there are several exit ramps on the road to authoritarianism. The bad news is that, by electing Trump, we have already passed the first one. Drawing on decades of research and a wide range of historical and global examples, from 1930s Europe to contemporary Hungary, Turkey, and Venezuela, to the American South during Jim Crow, Levitsky and Ziblatt show how democracies die--and how ours can be saved.

  • Two Harvard professors explain the dangerous world we face today Democracies can die with a coup d'etat - or they can die slowly. This happens most deceptively when in piecemeal fashion, with the election of an authoritarian leader, the abuse of governmental power and the complete repression of opposition. All three steps are being taken around the world - not least with the election of Donald Trump - and we must all understand how we can stop them. In How Democracies Die , Harvard professors Steven Levitsky and Daniel Ziblatt draw insightful lessons from across history - from the rule of General Augusto Pinochet in Chile to the quiet undermining of Turkey's constitutional system by President Recip Erdogan - to shine a light on regime breakdown across the twentieth and twenty-first centuries. Notably they point to the dangers of an authoritarian leader faced with a major crisis. Based on years of research, they present a deep understanding of how and why democracies die; an alarming analysis of how democracy is being subverted today in the US and beyond; and a guide for maintaining and repairing a threatened democracy, for governments, political parties and individuals. History doesn't repeat itself. But we can protect our democracy by learning its lessons, before it's too late.

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